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Electronics guru's - How to get a 5v reference signal?
General electronics question......
I need a 5v source to power my MAP sensor so I can log boost with my Wideband Commander. This is in my '68 Firebird. How can I convert 12-14 volts to a constant 5 volts? Is there something fairly simple I can rig up, or something I can buy to do this?
__________________ 2001 T/A WS6, Pewter, M6
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What you need is a 5V volt regulator. What type you get depends on the amperage that it draws. If it is less than 1 amp (1000 mA/milliAmps) then you can get a 5V cigarette style adapter from Radio Shack (cringe). The better solution would be to build a circuit around a 7805 regulator. A discussion is at http://www.minidisc.org/5v_regulator.html and a circuit is at http://www.seetron.com/an_vpwr1.htm. Remember, this will only supply one amp. I can build one of these for you if you like.
If it draws more than one amp, I would have to look around for a heavier duty circuit. I wonder if you can strip a little 5A Astron supply and just turn down the regulator...
Thanks, I'll check out those links. I can't imagine that a MAP sensor draws more than 1 amp, but I don't know. All it is is a little rheostat? I think that has a 5v input and it varies the output from 0v-5v based on manifold pressure.
78L05 from Digi-Key or 7805 from Radio Shack (a higher
power capable package, if you heat-sink it). See the
pinout at www.national.com (part search for datasheet).
These are super easy to use, VIN to ignition 12V, VOUT
to the MAP sensor supply pin, common all the grounds
and away you go. Maybe add a bypass capacitor to the
output just for quietness' sake, a 0.1u ceramic. I'd go
and bare-wire it, epoxy the regulator right to the MAP
sensor body and put the whole thing in a project box
with a tube for the manifold pressure and 12V, GND and
output. The National datasheets should have simple
application schematics for you too.
You need to find the documentation for whichever MAP
sensor you use, to determine the endpoint voltages,
they vary slightly between versions. Here is one 'sheet
off Delphi's web pages...
It's possible, do not know how sensitive the MAP sensor
is to the 5V reference signal or how clean & tight the
charger output voltage is. Many sensors are ratiometric
and if you gave it (say) 5.5 instead of 5.0 volts you
might see a corresponding shift in output. Worth a try,
put the meter to it though and see if you are getting
the 100kPa value out (or whatever your local atmospheric
pressure is, today) in open air.
I used the Radio Shack 5V regulator to get 5V to a Autometer Fuel Pressure sending unit I am going to use for logging with EFI. It was cheap (under $3) and easy (just solder three wires to it, 12V+, Ground, and 5V output). Measured it with a meter when I was done and I had 4.97V at the sensor.