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1995 4l60e HD Questions

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Old 07-20-2017, 09:36 PM   #21
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mrvedit View Post
Using the thickest GM apply and backing plates for the 3/4 clutch is always recommended to prevent flexing the frictions. The Sonnax ones look even better; good choice!
Thank you for the input. I have learned a lot just from reading your past posts. I originally started out with the 7 .080 GPZ frictions and the 6 .076 steels, but the clearance with the Sonnax kit was huge! I then swapped in a .106 plate then another and now have .030 clearance with soaked plates and the pack cycled with air a few times. I think I could swap the 2 .106 plates and one more .076 for 3 .095 plates and be about the same height on paper, but I am not sure if it's worth it, as I will have to order those. My plan is to stick the thicker steels in the center of the pack as someone else posted that area runs the warmest.

Since the pack is tight and it's used for towing, never racing, I think I will reinstall the release springs, but with shortened retainers so it doesn't bind as the clutches wear. I found this video on youtube and it almost convinced me to leave them out, but I figure with the shorter retainers it might be better.

Last edited by doninmedford; 07-21-2017 at 08:05 AM. Reason: spelling
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Old 07-21-2017, 04:46 AM   #22
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Too bad he did not solve anything here. He left the centrifugal apply problem to solve itself. Maybe in his shop nothing goes over 5,000 rpm! For the rest of us who go over 5,000 rpm, then the fix is to use the TransGo 7-CS spring pack. This way you can use any clutch count, with any type or thickness pressure plates. I have been doing this since the early 1990's in all of my transmissions and in all of my rebuild kits. I install all the springs and have never had or heard of a problem with using these springs. This spring setup takes the place of the outer oem springs and does not allow centrifuge to happen at anything below 8,000 rpm. They are a little hard to install sometimes, but worth it in the long run. If you are building a motor that will go over 8,000 rpm, let me know and I will tell what is needed to do this successfully.
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Old 07-21-2017, 07:27 AM   #23
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Dana, while your comments and wisdom are always greatly appreciated, the OP's vehicle is a van for towing, I doubt he will regularly rev much past 5000.

Like some, but not all, I think the release springs do reduce friction wear in 1st and 2nd gears, especially with a tight pack. I had heard of concerns over the retainers and benefits of shortening them.
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Old 07-21-2017, 07:59 AM   #24
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Yes if I ever have a need to run a 4l60e past 5000 rpm, I would definitely pm PBA. I think his last post was directed at the author of the video.

This is my first 4 speed auto rebuild so it's a slow learning process, and I do realize that by doing it myself the likelihood of having to R&R the trans more than once is pretty good. The information here though is very valuable, even for someone who is just doing a low rpm build. Also I can post things I am unsure of and if no one replies or stops me, I figure it's pretty safe to proceed as planned. That helps a lot too. Thank you all for the help!
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Old 07-21-2017, 12:44 PM   #25
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I was directing my thoughts on the video. There are other reasons to use the 7-CS spring kit here. Quicker and cleaner 3-2 downshifts. Pretty much guarantees the 3-4 clutches will not come on due to cross leaks in first or second gears or accidently going over 5,000 rpm. Well, I have torn down many hundreds of cores and almost without exception I have never seen the 3-4 clutches still doing ok with the outer oem springs in the 3-4 clutch pack missing. This is on 1987 and up units. Not worth the saving of apx. $25.00 here in my opinion.
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Old 07-25-2017, 07:54 PM   #26
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The Clevite rear reaction shaft bushing showed up today, after pressing it in... its tight too. I had to tap it on to the output shaft with a deadblow hammer, then tried the side tapping PBA sugested. I did more than tap trying to get that to turn smoothly. It still was too tight, so I polished the inside of the bushing with oil and fine wet dry paper. Its still a little tight but at least I can turn it by hand now.

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Old 07-26-2017, 05:50 AM   #27
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"Its still a little tight but at least I can turn it by hand now."
It must turn freely, no dragging or resistance.
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Old 07-26-2017, 07:43 AM   #28
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Thank you for the advise again. I think I got it opened up enough, I don't want any problems though. I am going to trash the original reaction shaft and its problem and upgrade to the newer style.
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Old 07-30-2017, 03:13 PM   #29
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The updated reaction shaft and bearing fit with no problems. I was able to get a lot assembled yesterday. I saw some air test plates on ebay and made a smaller version out of scrap. My big concern is leaks or cut seals. So I did this to double check. Every thing still makes the solid clunk with no excessive leaks that I can hear from inside the case. I am unsure of one thing though when I pressurize the forward clutch hole the 3-4 hole lets out a small amount of air, when I pressurize the 3-4 hole the forward clutch lets a small amount of air escape too. The amount of air is small and is not applying the other clutches with the air pressure set to 50 lbs, but is enough to feel with your hand out over the other hole. I am not sure if this is normal or not? I just pulled the pump again to look and the input shaft rings are in one piece and spin smoothly. I am thinking that maybe the Teflon rings haven't fully seated yet and are leaking a little? I used the kent more tools to install and resize them, no tape or hose clamps. I know I am using the wrong case gasket, but for just pressure testing. I don't think it matters. I did not want to trash the correct one and the area underneath the plate is the same as the early version.


My home made plate.

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Old 07-31-2017, 10:37 AM   #30
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I ended up taking it all apart again to recheck everything with air. The Teflon rings are uncut. The input drum checks fine with air to the individual holes, with no air leaks between the forward and 3-4. So I am thinking the small amount of air between the forward and 3-4 holes when assembled is the Teflon rings not sealing completely. Its a good thing I did though. I somehow damaged the last friction plate in the 3-4 clutch. Turning it into a wavy plate and cutting my clearance to way under what its suppose to be. I will order a friction, some spare Teflon rings and try again in a few days.
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Old 08-01-2017, 07:09 PM   #31
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The trans never grenaded and the fluid was clean. The old converter was doing its job, but had about an .001 step in the hub from wear. I thought I would get a reman converter just to start fresh. Anyway the hub on the reman looks like it was just sanded with crocus cloth and is .002 undersized (1.745 inch), when compared to the unworn part of the original converter. I am having a hard time finding real size specs for the hub. I was hoping for someone to give a little feedback?
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Old 08-02-2017, 12:58 AM   #32
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From what I can find on the internet, the 4l60e hub journal size is listed at 1.748" so .003 undersized seems like a lot to me. The shop where I got it said they will reuse hubs up to .005 undersized, but they are rebuilding another core with a larger hub.

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Old 08-03-2017, 09:54 AM   #33
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Default Air Testing 4l60e

I asked Sonnax for a little more information about their air testing instructions on the last page here.http://d2q1ebiag300ih.cloudfront.net...f?v=1498576047

I had some very small puffs of air going from the reverse hole to the hole they mark as torque signal. I also have some air cross leaking between the pump holes on the forward and 3-4 clutches when both drums and the pump are tested as a unit, but not when pressure is directly applied to the input shaft holes. Its not enough to cause the wrong clutches to apply but it was enough that it worried me so I wanted more advise. This was their reply hopfully it helps others too.
Quote:
The thing to keep in mind with an automatic transmission is they work on the principle of controlled leaks. For example if you had no leakage in a valve bore, this would actually be a bad thing because it would indicate the valve was too tight, and would not have the ability to stroke when fluid is applied. Now of course too much leakage can also have a similar effect, and should be evaluated in some way to establish functionality. The reason I mention this is that some degree of leakage is not always the enemy.

Now that said, in order to establish an accurate evaluation, shop air should be regulated to 30-40 psi when doing air tests. ATF can also be used (WAT) on the exiting port to help identify too much leakage. Rule of thumb is bubbles are ok, but if the fluid is instantly removed, this is probably indicative of a problem. Unfortunately this type of testing is also very subjective, and often requires a known good unit as a baseline and experience to use successfully.
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Old 08-12-2017, 10:40 PM   #34
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Fingers crossed, but I just got it in and running. I think its working like it should. I drove it four miles and I have all four gears and reverse. I parked it for tonight. I will check it out better tomorrow with a pressure gauge, before I venture too far from home.
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Old 08-13-2017, 10:17 AM   #35
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OK I hooked a pressure gauge to the transmission and have some more questions. Reading is PSI. I have a Sonnax .490 boost valve in the pump along with Trans go unbreakable pump rings (the under 5000 rpm kit). Pump clearance was .002 with a feeler gauge.

Park Idle -70 WOT -230
Reverse Idle -100 WOT 260 Not moving WOT is Power braked
Drive (No movement - WOT readings are power braked) Idle -70 WOT -240. I do it pretty fast though only a second or two, so the gauge rises up fast, not sure if that a stable reading.

When in drive, actually driving and manually holding gears the pressure readings are 170 -190 in all forward gears at WOT these readings are held for a long time and there is no gauge bounce. This is the part I am unsure about as I keep seeing pressures listed that are higher on forums but they don't state how they were obtained. Since the transmission had just over 100k and never exploded I kept the electronics that were there, just cleaning and changing O-rings and seals. The pressure switch was a bear to change the seals on, but I got it. I read though that a worn EPC solenoid could cause problems. I am not sure if this is something I should look at or not if my line pressures of 170-190 in forward gears are not OK.

On a side note the transmission acts and shifts almost exactly how it did before. I think that's a good thing since the shift kit was done before the refresh. I now have the Sonnax HD 2-3 Shift valve with the hole drilled in the valve body. What a mess that was to clean up! I did the servo cover modification that PBA recommended when doing the valve. I cant feel any clunk on down shift, its a big old van though. It now has the corvette servo set to .070 band clearance. The valve body hole sizes are 2-.082 3-.097 4-.097 Band release - .093 Reverse -.093 I went back to the stock springs in the forward accumulator and the 2nd accumulator as I didn't like the banging in to gear and the 1-2 shift was just slightly too firm at light throttle with the Superior shift kit instructions. Now even with the new corvette servo, the 1-2 shift is solid but not harsh when cold. When warmed up the shift seems to soften a little, so I may play with more springs when I pull the pan to check things in a few hundred miles.

I put the case spacer in place of the anti-clunk spring because I saw it recommended a few times here by pro builders and do hear a very small clank at times. I think that just comes with the product.

Last edited by doninmedford; 08-13-2017 at 10:31 PM.
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Old 08-14-2017, 10:09 AM   #36
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Sonnax Tech line comes to the rescue again! It looks like the transmission is operating in the normal pressure ranges. Here is their reply, so others have a reference too. The pressures were also given a pass by a very nice transmission person on Gearhead-EFI. Also a big thank you to all who helped out here, I learned a lot.

Quote:
Those pressures are right on target with what we have seen, and it sounds like it is operating normally.

I would suspect anyone seeing 200 psi in Drive has the EPC system modified or disabled. This is far too high, and would result in harsh, abusive shift quality in a street application.
Quote:
The service manual GM has states a wide range of pres for tests. There is usually a test ofr the Scan Tool that has you use the pres gu and command the range of amps. Compare this to your ending PSI on the gu.

I don't know what you want to accomplish nor do I know year model PCM, and other mods. Also if the engine has a boost in power or ya plan to do this.

Most of the time, people want more PSI overall. If I had an L60e, I would do this via the BIN/Cal that can be changed in Tuner Pro. But this largely depends on the XDF file used. I've seen and edited them finding so many of the trans cals missing. I also found many of the parameters that are stated completely wrong, scaled wrong and the worst is the HEX address is wrong. IF the paramater is to change a given cal it has to be the right HEX Address.
Be careful with them.

Personally I would increase the pres in certian areas as the L60 is a bit low in the pres dept. this is intentional for Fuel Econ boost. There are a few things you should know. 1. When towing GM staes to tow in D3 not D4. In the L60 the pres/volumne in 4th with TCC ON the volume will feed the torque converter at low spds towing and starve the 3-4 clutch TO A POINT. When the trans pump spd is increased it will feed both towing. The 4L80-E does NOT have to run this way, as the capicity of the pump is great enough to feed the clutches and converter.

What you sent me looks ok with the range of the PSI. But w/o knowing power levels and what you wanna use it for I really can't say well enoug. If I had an L60/65/70 I would bump the PSI up in certian areas. Expecially the Steady State map in the cal. It runs on the border in my opinion. In L80 we had a 1.5 psi margin in all areas in the clutch capacity as L60 doesn't. I would gladly fogo the MPG to make the trans more durable.

Last edited by doninmedford; 08-14-2017 at 11:02 AM.
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